Urology- At the time of the early Egyptians and Greeks, doctors often looked at urine’s color, smell, and texture. They also examined for bloody bubbles and other indicators of illness.
Nowadays, a whole field of medicine focuses on the quality of your urinary tract. This is known as Urology. This article will explain the work of urologists and why you should think about seeing one of these experts.
Who is a Urologist?
Urologists treat and diagnose diseases that affect the urinary tract for both females and males. They also treat and diagnose everything that affects the reproductive tract in males.
In certain situations, it is possible to undergo surgery. They could, for instance, treat cancer or remove an obstruction within the urinary tract. Urologists can be found in various environments, including private clinics, hospitals and Urology centers.
The urinary tract comprises a system which produces, stores, and then removes urine from your body. Urologists are able to treat any component of the system. This includes:
- Kidneys, which are organs responsible for filtering waste out of blood and producing urine.
- Ureters are the tubes that allow urine to flow through the kidneys and into the bladder
- Bladder is the hollow sac that holds urine.
- Urethra, also known as the tube that carries urine from the bladder and out of the body
- Adrenal glands, the glands on the top of each kidney, which produce hormones.
Urologists treat all components that make up the reproductive organs of males. The system consists of:
- Penis, the organ that produces the urine and also carries the body’s sperm
- Prostate is the gland that lies beneath the bladder, which adds fluid to sperm in order to make semen
- Testicles are the two oval organs of the scrotum which produce testosterone, a hormone, and also produce testosterone and sperm
What is Urology?
Urology is the area of medicine that concentrates on the conditions related to the urinary tract as well as sexual tract. Urologists can treat general ailments in the urinary tract. Some specialize in a specific kind of urology, for example:
- Female urology, which is focused on the conditions that affect women’s urinary tract and reproductive system.
- Male infertility is a condition that focuses on the issues that hinder the male from having an infant with his partner
- Neuro-urology, which is a specialty that focuses on urinary disorders caused by disorders of the nervous system
- Pediatric Urology, which concentrates on urinary problems for children.
- Urologic oncology, which is focused on the cancers of the urinary system, which includes kidneys, bladder and prostate. It also includes testicle cancer, as well as the testicles.
What Are the Requirements for Education and Training?
You need to earn an undergraduate degree of four years and then finish 4 years in medical school. After you have graduated from medical school you have to undergo either four- or five-years medical education in hospitals. In this program, known as the residency program, you are able to work alongside an experienced team of urologists and are taught the techniques of surgery.
A few urologists opt to complete an additional year or two of additional education. This is known as a fellowship. Through this fellowship you develop your expertise in a specific subject. This may include urologic cancer or female the urology.
At the conclusion of their education, urologists have to be able to pass the specialty certification exam for Urologists. They are certified by the American Board of Urology certifies the urologists upon passing the test.
What Ailments are Urologists Treating?
Urologists address a variety of ailments that affect the urinary tract and the male reproductive system.
In men, urologists treat:
- Cancers of the bladder kidneys, penis, kidneys, testicles, prostate glands and the adrenal
- Prostate gland prostate gland
- Erectile dysfunction, or having trouble having or maintaining an erection
- Interstitial cystitis, also known as painful bladder syndrome
- Kidney problems
- kidney stones
- Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland.
- UTIs are urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Varicoceles or larger veins that run through the scrotum
In women, urologists treat:
- bladder prolapse, or the fall in the vagina
- bladder cancers kidneys, bladder, and adrenal glands
- interstitial cystitis
- kidney stones
- overactive bladder
- urinary incontinence
Urologists treat children with:
- obstructions and other issues in the urinary tract structure
- Unsucceeded testicles
What procedures do urologists perform?
If you go to Urologists, they’ll begin with one or more of these tests in order to find the condition that you’re suffering from:
- Imaging tests, like the CT scan MRI ultrasound scan or CT scan let them examine the urinary tract of your patient.
- The cystogram can be ordered that involves imaging your X-ray bladder.
- A urologist may perform cystoscopy. This is performed using a small scope called a cystoscope that allows you to examine the inside of your bladder and urethra.
- You can conduct the post-void urine test to determine the speed at which urine is released from your body when you urinate. It also indicates the amount of urine left in your bladder after you’ve urinated.
- You can take the urine sample to examine your urine for any bacteria that can cause infections.
- Urodynamic tests can be performed to determine the volume and pressure inside the bladder.
Urologists also have the ability to perform various types of surgeries. This could include:
- biopsies of the kidneys, bladder or prostate
- A cystectomy entails taking out the bladder to cure cancer
- Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy involves breaking down kidney stones so that they can be removed more quickly
- A kidney transplant involves replacing a kidney that is damaged with a healthy kidney
- A procedure for opening the blockage
- Repair of damage due to an injury
- fix for urinary organs which haven’t been properly formed
- Prostatectomy, also known as prostatectomy, is the removal of all or a portion from the prostate gland in order to combat prostate cancer
- A sling treatment is the use of mesh strips to hold the urethra in place and close it for treatment of urinary incontinence
- Transurethral Resection of the prostate. It involves removing the excess tissues from an overly enlarged prostate
- A transurethral needle ablation procedure of the prostate. This involves the removal of excess prostate tissue
- A ureteroscopy involves the use of a scope to eliminate kidney stones as well as the ureter.
- Vasectomy to avoid the birth of a baby, which includes cutting and binding the vas deferens, also known as the tube that sperm flow through to create semen
When do you need to visit Urologists?
Your primary doctor may diagnose you with small urinary problems like UTI. Your primary doctor might recommend you to a urologist when your symptoms do not improve or you have an issue that requires treatment, they aren’t able to provide.
It is possible that you will need to visit both a urologist as well as another specialist in certain cases. For instance, a person suffering from prostate cancer could consult a specialist for cancer, known as “an oncologist” and a specialist in urology.
How can you tell when you should see Urologists? Any of these symptoms indicates that you may have problems with your urinary tract.
- Blood in your urine
- A frequent or urgent urge to urinate
- the pelvis, lower back, or your sides
- burning or pain during urination
- difficulty in urinating
- leakage of urine
- weak urine flow, dribbling
It’s also recommended that you consult with a urologist male and are experiencing these signs:
- A decreased sexual desire
- A lump in the testicle
- Difficulty in obtaining or maintaining a difficulty in keeping or getting an
Overviews of Some of the Most Common Urologic Diseases
There are a variety of urologic conditions and conditions. Here is a list of some of the disorders recognized as typical according to The American Urological Association Foundation (AUAF).
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) refers to an increased size of the prostate. It’s an increase on the dimensions of prostate gland. BPH is quite common among older males. It is not directly related to prostate cancer.
The signs and symptoms of BPH result from the pressure that a bigger prostate could put on the urinary tract. The Urethra is a narrow tube that transports urine out of the bladder and out of the body.
Men suffering from BPH are likely to experience a constant desire to go to the bathroom. They might also experience the sensation of a weak flow of urine whenever they go, and the feeling that their bladders aren’t empty after having urinated. Your doctor might decide to simply monitor this situation or prescribe medication like alpha-blockers to treat. The most severe cases can be addressed by surgery.
Incontinence in the urinary tract refers to an inability to control the bladder. It can cause unwanted release of urine. It can be embarrassing and embarrassing, however it’s not common. As per the AUAF over 15 million men and women in United States have incontinence.
There are many factors that could cause incontinence. The most frequently cited causes are:
- Childbirth or pregnancy
- overactive bladder
- An enlarged prostate
- weak bladder muscles
- weak muscles of the sphincter (muscles that support the urinary tract)
- urinary tract infections of the urinary tract
- illnesses, including Parkinson’s disease and multiple Sclerosis
- Injury of the spinal cord
- extreme constipation
In certain instances, modifications to your lifestyle, like limiting fluid intake could be sufficient to solve the issue. If these strategies aren’t working your physician may recommend surgery to fix the root reason.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
UTIs result from pathogenic viruses or bacteria which invade the urinary tract and trigger an infection. They are more prevalent among women; however, they can be found in men as well. According to AUAF approximately 40% of females and 12 percent of men will be suffering from UTIs that cause obvious symptoms at some time during their life. Urination pain that is burning is among the signs of the UTI. Other symptoms include a constant desire to urinate, and the sensation that the bladder isn’t completely empty after the urination. Antibiotics are usually able to eliminate the majority of UTIs within 5 to 7 days.
Kidney and Ureteral Stones
Stones form in the kidneys when crystals are present in the urine. Small particles surround and accumulate on the crystals. Ureteral stones are transferred from the kidney to the urinary tract (the tubes that transport urinary fluid from kidneys into the bladder).
The stones could stop urine flow and create significant discomfort. A lot of people have to expel small stones from their body without any medical assistance, however larger stones could cause blockage, which can cause problems.
The use of surgical or medical procedures can be necessary in some cases to eliminate large stones. Extracorporeal shock wave thermotherapy (ESWL) is among the most popular methods used. This procedure uses sound waves that break up stones into smaller pieces so they are able to be removed from the body.
Other Common Urological Conditions
Other urological problems that are common are:
- prostate cancer
- bladder cancer
- Prolapse of the bladder
- Hematuria (blood found in urine)
- erectile dysfunction (ED)
- Interstitial cystitis (also known as urinary tract pain syndrome)
- bladder that is overactive
- prostate ailment (swelling in prostate gland)
Tips to Improve Your Overall Urological Health
The AUAF provides a variety of tips to help promote healthy Urological health for adults as well as children, such as:
- Drink plenty of water
- Drink cranberry juice daily to keep urinary tract infections at bay (UTIs)
- Reduce the quantity of caffeine and salt you consume
- Keep within the healthy weight range
- Take a smoke-free, healthy lifestyle
- The pelvic muscles by doing Kegel exercises
- Instruct children to flush their urines immediately prior to bedtime
- Limit the intake of fluids during evening hours
- Get sporting “cups” for young boys to prevent injuries
- Inform young girls to make a front-to back motion to wash their areas of the genital after they go to the bathroom.
Tips for Parents
It is crucial to be aware it is you who are your most effective advocate for your personal urological health. Make sure to schedule regular visits with your doctor, and be sure to be aware of any urological symptoms that you experience.
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